Water is an important part of life. It means a lot to people. It is what makes life possible. Yet when it flows in huge quantities, it becomes a problem. Floods occur when the supply of water in a water body such as a stream it a river exceeds it’s capacity. Every water body such as a pond, stream, lake or river has a certain capacity to contain water. If this capacity is exceeded, the water starts to flow out of the water body’s border and causes a flood. A flood can be very destructive because it has the potential to cause a lot of damage. The damage caused by a flood might be irreparable. Many major floods damage entire cities and towns. A large flood can drown as much as eighty to ninety percent of a city. Most cities have some sort of mechanism in place to avoid or reduce damage caused by floods.
Some of the techniques used to reduce flood damage are relatively simple. Some techniques to reduce flood damage are more complicated and involve a number of different steps. The residents of towns in danger of flooding need to be trained to take care of flooded areas. They should be taught to handle floods and to avoid the damage caused by them. The places that are located near waterbodues such as rivers or streams are at the greatest risk of flooding. This is because they are filled with flood damage services in the event of a flood. Their proximity to the flooding site makes them more vulnerable. This is why people prefer to live away from sites that are vulnerable to damage caused by floods. This is why the price of real estate near rivers and other floodi sites is much lower than faraway sites. People often shift from places near rivers to places away from them.
People often choose to train themselves in flood damage reduction. Classes are available to learn about different ways to reduce or avoid the dangers caused by flooding. They can build dams or other barriers to keep the overflowing water out. Damns at a very effective measure for keeping flood water out and avoiding damage. Dams are effective at controlling routine floods and overflows. They are successful in eighty to ninety percent of all cases. In the rate chance of their failure, other means can be devised.
Other measures to control flood damage are less effective, but they have to be employed from time to time. They have to be employed because the primary flood control measures are often insufficient. This makes them very useful in cases of severe flooding. Severe flooding causes more damage than moderate flooding because it involves more water. A greater volume of water causes more trouble.